Bees and monoculture
Marla Spivak explores the reasons behind recent dramatic bee-declines, citing monocultures and the pesticides used to support them as primary culprits. She compares monocultures to urban food deserts, explaining "the very farms that used to sustain bees are now agricultural food deserts, dominated by one or two plant species like corn and soybeans." Further, even bee-friendly crops (such as almonds) are primarility planted in monocultures, meaning that honey-bees have to be shipped crosscountry in semi-trucks to pollinate these monocultures. Spivak ends on a hopeful note, encouraging mass planting of pesticide-free bee-friendly flowers, farm diversification, cover crops, and hedge rows to "disrupt the agricultural food desert" monocultures have created.