If you have ever played to a boardgame, you know that each one has its own rules. When handling a chessboard you could actually move your pawns all the boxes that you wish and in all the directions, but if are playing chess, you can move them just a certain amount of boxes. These are the rules. And that’s policy too.
Policy is a system or rules to guide decision making in a certain field. Food policies and agricultural policies have a huge impact in the way each country produce and consume food and there are as many different policies as many countries are on earth. Each country equip itself of a national agricultural and food strategy to be able to face future challenges. Or at least, they should. Due to limited mandates and more mundane consideration, policymakers are often short sighted when it comes to regulate fields whose goal are to be seen on the long term. That’s where collective actions, scientists, grassroot movements and organized group of citizens can intervene, nudging policymakers to see what they cannot see.
When talking about increasing or safeguarding biodiversity, in particular, policy become crucial since it defines what action can and cannot be done. What crop should be subsidised? What agricultural practices should be promoted? What endangered species should we protect? Should fresh food be accessible to all? These and similar questions policymakers are request to answer and are drammatically important for the future of food.