Conservation is the protection and sustainable use of the earth’s natural resources. Natural resources include land, energy, air, water, soil, minerals, fuel, plants, and animals. People need natural resources to live – they provide shelter, food, energy, and the basic necessities for survival, such as clean oxygen and water – but people often abuse, overuse, and waste them.
It is important to protect and conserve natural resources. If conservation efforts are not put in place, resources could be in danger of running out, becoming polluted, or becoming extinct, all issues that could affect peoples livelihoods. Conservation practices include the protection of certain species, land management, and regulations on pollution and use, among others.